China Changchun City:
Changchun Location: located between 4305' - 4515' north latitude and 12418' - 12702' east longitude, in the center of the northeast plain, middle part of Songliao Plain
Neighboring Areas: Heilongjiang and Liaoning provinces; Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
Population: 6.83 million
Urban Population: 2.78 million
Area: 18,881 sq km
Nationalities: Han, Hui, Manchu, Korean, Xibe, Zhuang and Mongolian
Climatic Features: lies in temperate zone, belongs to continental semi-moist monsoon climate with frost free period of 140-150 days, rainfall of 611mm
Average Temperature: 4.8C with the lowest of - 39.8C and the highest of 39.5C
Rivers: Yitong river, Songhua river, Mushi river, Shuangyang river, Yinma rive
Products: wheat, soybean, sorghum, maize, corn, rice, and sunflower
Local Highlights: Skiing tour in Jilin
With four clear-cut seasons and favorable temperature in the mild temperate zone, Changchun has an annual average temperature of 5.2 degrees, a rainfall of 522 - 615 mm, and a sunshine time of 2,688 hours, thus being called "Spring City in Northern China".
Changchun City is situated at the heart of Song Liao Plains in northeastern China, and it's counties and districts are at 124'18" - 127'02" east longitude, 43'05" - 45'15" north latitude. The total area of Changchun is 20,571 square kilometers, of which the municipal areas are 2,583 square kilometers, and the municipal construction areas are 159 square kilometers.Changchun area is 250 - 350 meters above the sea level. The city is at the center of the three northeast provinces, plain and broad, and will be the crisscross point of the third east-westward "Europe-Asia Continental Bridge".
Changchun City is the capital of Jilin Province as well as the political, economic and cultural center of the province. It has six districts of Chaoyang, Nanguan, Erdao, Kuancheng, Luyuan and Shuangyang, three county level cities of Yushu , Dehui, Jiutai and Nong'an County.
Changchun Municipality, the capital of Jilin Province, is the center of politics, economy, science and technology and culture. It is located at the middle part of Songliao Plain in Northeast China in climate of middle temperate continental monsoon climate with pleasant sceneries in all seasons, enjoying the reputation of "The Spring City of Saibei (The North of The Great Wall)". Changchun Municipality is one of the superior big cities central in economy. In 1989, 1992 and 1994 it was approved respectively the independent planned city, the central city and a city class between province and its under authority enjoying the opening policies for coastal and littoral areas of the state.
Changchun Municipality, with wide region and rich land source, covers a total area of 20,571 square kilometers, including urban area of 3,583 square kilometers and constructed area of 150 square kilometers. Six districts of Chaoyang, Nanguan, Kuancheng, Erdao, Luyuan and Shuangyang and 4 counties of Nong'an, Dehui, Jiutai and Yushu (cities) are under jurisdiction of Changchun. The total population of this Municipality is 7,057,000 people i including 2,980,000 of urban people. The mineral resources are very rich, mainly in 39 kinds: petroleum£¬natural gas£¬coal,¡¡oil-shale£¬limestone¡¡and amargosite, etc. in which, the restoring quantity of coal is more than 400,000,000 tons, that of oil-shale more than 1,000,000,000 tons, that of limestone more than 300,000,000 tons and that of amargosite more than 200,000,000 tons. All these mines are in great developing potential.
Changchun Municipality is famous big city of agriculture in China. Located in the world famous coin belt, it is the important commercial grain base of China, with name of "Northern Granary" form the early times. Its grain output is steadily over 7,500,000,000 kilograms. The major crops are corn, soybean and rice; the animal husbandry of pigs, cattle, chicken, deer and geese are developed with excellent breeds and big amount, and a group of biggest agricultural and by-products deep processing enterprises in China have been formed here.
dealing in the tourism. The tourism and exhibition industries are developed rapidly. The tourism resource is really rich. The biggest manmade forest of Asia---Jingyuetan Forest Park and well known both home and abroad historical remains like Palace of Puppet Manchuria also locate here. automotive industry and movies and Television Literature. A serial of branded exhibitions, such as Changchun Film Festival of China, Changchun International Agricultural Fair of China, Changchun International Fair of China and Changchun Education Exhibition of China have been successfully held here.Changchun is a famous city of science, technology and literature in China. There are 98 independent scientific research and technological development institutes, 19 national key open laboratories of scientific research, 23 members Chinese AcaThe tourism products with rich local specialty and major on organic, ice and snow, historical remains of Palace of Puppet Manchuria, demy of Sciences and Chinese
The Building of Changchun
Changchun is a new city with only about 200 years of history. In the year of 1800, Emperor Jiaqing of Qing Dynasty selected a small village on the east bank of the Yitong River and named it as "Changchun Ting", and in the year of 1889, it was promoted as "Changchun Fu".
In 1930, the Japanese imperialists invaded the Northeast China, established the Manchurian Public country, and selected Changchun as its capital. Later, they renamed Changchun as "Xinjing ( new capital )" and made it suffered from this shameful history. ¡¡
The Open Modernized Changchun
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, especially since the reform and open door policy, great changes have taken place in Changchun for its construction development. Now Changchun has formed its own advantage and characteristics with very solid foundations in industry and agriculture, and prosperous commerce.
It is a very influential regional center city in China with high degree openness and advanced science and education. It is characterized as the automobile city, forest city, film city and city of science, technology and culture.
The Shangri-la Hotel Changchun situated in the center of the city, is a five-star hotel administered by the Shangri-la Group, Hong Kong. It occupied 5,763 square meters with indoor parking lot. The hotel gathers a world of exquisite dining and has the most spacious banquet hall in Changchun. It also offers 12 meeting rooms and 458 guestrooms. The business center offers specialized secretary service and private meeting rooms.
The health club offers all kind of the latest exercise equipments and leisure equipments.
The Shangri-la Hotel, Changchun is a resorting place for the travelers to north.
Address: 9 Xi'an Road Changchun
Zip Code: 130061
Transport in Changchun:
Changchun also produces railway locomotives, train coaches, rolling stock and equipments.
Founded in 1800 and situated in the middle of the Songliao Plain of the Northeast, Changchun is the capital of Jilin Province and the provincial center of politics, economy, science and technology, and culture. Famous as the Spring City of the North, the Changchun has a total area of 18,881 square km. with the city proper' s area of 140 square km. The municipal administration governs Chaoyang, Kuancheng, Nanguan, Shuangyang, Erdao and Luyuan districts, Jiutai, Yushu and Dehui cities, and Nongan County, with 38 nationalities such as the Han, Manchurian, Hui, Korean, Mongolian, Xibe and Zhuang. And of the population of 6.7 million, 2.7 million live in the city proper.
The city was ranked among 15 central economic cities of the country in 1979, named as the central opening city along the border in 1992, and appointed the city of the sub-provincial class by the State Council in 1994. The new and high-tech industries development zone and the economic and technological development zone directly under the jurisdiction of the municipal government are those of national classification and enjoy preferential policies given by the State Council to the domestic special developing zones. Automobile, agricultural products and by-products refining and new high technology have become three pillar industries of the city.
Rising industry and developing agriculture
Changchun has a complete industrial system with 128 categories and over 3,000 types of products. As Changchun's main industry, the manufacturing of transportation facilities and machinery such as those of automobile, passenger train, and tractor has developed very well and its total output constitutes, respectively, 1/5, 1/2, and 1/10 of that of the nation's. The industries such as machinery, electronics, optics, chemistry, medicine, textile, metallurgy, building materials and foodstuffs all assume their own features and advantages.
Abundant in land resources, the city has 1.1 million hectares of cultivated area. The attached counties (cities) produce maize, soy bean, rice and sorghum, etc.. As a national important base for marketable grains, the city maintains a grain yield of the phase level-7 billion kg, and ranks first in gross yield of grains, commodity quantity and commodity proportion among the big cities of the country.
Convenient traffic and fast communication
The railways of the city lead to Liaoning Province, Heilongjiang Province, Beijing, Tianjin and Tangshan, and link with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation. The electrified railway from Harbin to Dalian and the expressway from Beijing to Harbin both under construction will furthur improve the traffic of Changchun. Changchun Airport is an international port,with 28 domestic and international air routes opened now.
With a well-equipped communication net, the city has linked more than 500 cities at home and more than 180 countries and regions through DD and IDD. within the city proper 0.71 million telephones have been installed . Moreover, the city can receive microwaves and satellite communication.
Financial institutions and flourishing markets
The capacity of money circulation is increasing day by day. The yearly remaining sums of various bank savings had amounted to about 35.48 billion yuan ;and the various loans, 43.26 billion yuan or so. The issue and exchange of priced stocks is enlarged constantly. The short-term loan market of the same trade has established a good business relationship with all the big cities in the country. The regulating center of foreign currency can make out money order in large scale and the effect of money circulation is favorable.
Changchun is one of the important market-places and good distribution centers in the Northeast.
All over the cities and counties spread 60,000 networks of commercial establishments of various categories, including over 100 large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises such as Changchun Department Store, Changchun International Trade Center and Euro-Asian Commercial Center. Since 1995 the retail sales of consumer goods of the whole city total 13.18 billion yuan per year and the volume of trade of the open markets in both urban and rural areas totals 14.89 billion yuan per year.
Strong scientific research capacities and developed education
The level of per capita being educated and the proportion of scientific and technological personnel rank among foremost in the cities of the same type of the country. There are 104 independent institutions of scientific research and 0.32 million technical personnel in specific fields. The rate of the contribution by scientific and technological development to economic increase accounts for 45% in the city which has 27 full time colleges and universities, 586 secondary schools of various sorts, 2,000 primary schools and over 30 institutions of higher education for adult. 300 subjects are offered by the institutions of scientific research and design, colleges and universities and they cover all the fields of science and technology. The subjects such as new material technology, applied optics technology, integrating technology of information and optics-mechanics-electricity, polymer chemistry, super conduction research and automobile research occupy a leading position at home and some of them have reached the advanced international level.
Flowering culture and galloping physical education
The establishments of culture have been developing rapidly, and a group of plays and programs of high artistic quality have been created by professional artists and awarded prizes in the important artistic activities at home and abroad. The mass cultural activities assume considerable scope and features. And films and books are taking shape and evolving a style of their own.
The city has achieved an outstanding success in the field of sports for the athletes have got the largest number of gold medals in the Eighth National Winter Sports Meet of the Cities and won many world and national championships in the various events. The mass sport activities are also flourishing.
Good public health service and friendly association
The city has developed a steady trade tie with over 60 countries and regions in the world and established sister city relationships with nine foreign cities, such as Sendaisi in Japan, Birmingham in Britain, Flint in USA and Ulsan in the Republic of Korea.
Presently there are 830 medical institutions with 25000 beds and 38000 medical workers in the city which acts as the provincial center of medical and health work, prevention and protection, medical science research and medical education and which has entered on a list of ten hygienic cities of the country in 1995. Famous doctors of traditional Chinese medicine.
Open policies and preferential environments
As one of the ten best development zones in the country, Changchun New and High-Tech Industries Development Zone has now 718 enterprises of high technology, 146 of which are foreign-funded. In 1996, the total income from technology, industry and trade amounts to 5.5 billion yuan. There is a vast prospect for technological cooperation and development. Changchun Economic and Technological Development Zone is of national class with 1,038 domestic and foreign enterprises. Changchun Automobile Trade Fair is appointed an automobile wholesale fair of national class. Jingyue Pond Tourism and Economy Development Zone is building a new urban district with a complete function and foreign orientation by exploiting resources of the national forest tourism.
The city has a favorable investment environment with its convenient communications and transportation of low cost, labor force of high quality and low cost, and industry and agriculture of a solid foundation.
The city has formulated more favorable policies as well as enjoying the favorable policies given to the opening cities along the border by the State Council in relation to taxation, labor salary, and financial credit, etc.
Beautiful scenes and tourist spots
Due to its highest rate of tree coverage in the city proper in the country, the city gets a beautiful name of "Spring City". Jingyue Pond Forest Park is a scenic spot of the national class, in which there is the largest man-made forest of Asia. The ancient tower in Nongan county provides a view for people to understand the history, culture and building of the Liao Kingdom. Changchun Film Center, Changchun Film Studio, the South Lake Park and the Buddhist Temple are ideal scenic spots.
Changchun Attractive points:
Jingyue is 12 kilometers away from the southeast of Changchun. It is surrounded by mountains and trees. It is famous for its reservoirs. It got its name from Riyue Pool in Taiwan. It is ratified as state-standard forest park by the Department of Forestry in the 1980s.
In winter it is attractive due to white snow and in summer to the coolness. It is a collection of lakes, trees, mountains and fields. The area of pool water is 4.3 square kilometers. The water is as clear as a mirror. The whole scenic spot is divided into scenery of water in the west, that of mountains in the north, that of trees in the south and that of fields in the east.
Changchun Bonuo Temple is located in the east of Renmin Square, covers 7,200 kilometers. Originating in the year 1922,it is the largest Buddhist temple of Hcngchchin. In 1923, Buddhist patriarch preached' Bonuo Scripture' in Changchun,
and then set up the temple named 'Bonuo Temple', which initially was built on the Xisi Road in Nanguan District, and was rebuilt on Xichangchun Street in 1931. Today, Bonuo Temple covers 14,000 kilometers. The designs of the bell tower in the east and the drum tower in the west are unique, and highly skilled. In case of important occasions, bells and drums will resound to the skies.
The whole temple consists of three layers.
The first layer is the Maitreya Hall, in which sits the Statue of Maitreya. In front of it there is a white marble tablet which records the detailed building process of the temple. The second layer is the Daxiong Hall, the center of the temple, and the b biggest building. The third layer is the West Three Saints' Hall, a two-layered architect, the upper of which is a tower with scriptures hidden, the lower of which consecrates the statues of the Maitreya, Dashizhi Bodhisattva, and Guanshuyin Bodhisattva.
Either side of the saints' Hall is the side hall of the Daxiong Hall. The east side hall is Guanshiyin Bodhisattva Hall, and the west side hall is the Dicangwang Bodhisattva Hall. To compare with the former two halls, here the pine and cypress shrug into the skies, with the birds' cheerful songs, creating a simple mysterious religious atmosphere.
The courtyard of the Western Three Saints' Hall is the end of the Banruo Temple,
outside of which are the busy roads and markets. Inside this small courtyard there are three towered buildings: the front one is the monument for the 70th anniversary of the establisher of the temple, Yan Xu preacher; the back two are the Sheli Tower of Yan Xu preacher and the second generation preacher Peng Pei.