China Dandong City:
Dandong is located in the frontier of Northeast of China, at the Northwest bank of Yalu River in the Southeast of Liaoning Province. It is located in the south of the Changbai Mountain chain north of the Yellow Sea. Facing the city of Sinuiju of D.P.R.K across the Yalu river. Border upon Benxi city in the north, and Xiuyan County of Anshan city in the northwest and west, Dalian on the southwest, the geography coordinate of the Dandong city downtown is 124¡ã23¡äE and 40¡ã07¡äN, the most distance from east to west of the region are 196 km, and the most distance from north to south of the region are 160 km, With a regional land area of 15,222 square kilometers, among it the downtown area are 832 square kilometers, with the coastline of 93.3 km, there are islands and islets Dalu island and Zhang island etc.
Dandong is located in the confluence of the Yalu River and the yellow sea in the south-east of Liaodong Peninsula Economic Opening-up Zone, It is also situated in the central region of Northeast Asian Economic Circle.
The city of Dandong is located in middle latitudes. In terms of atmosphere circulation the westerly prevails all the year around. The monsoon is obvious in this region. North wind is dominant the whole winter . The northern cold air often blows south, and that would happen every 4-6days and usually brings rainfall and drop of temperature. After that, the air temperature decreases and it is windy and rainy. In the summer, the westerly withdraws north and subtropical circulation push north. Then, there is much south wind in the region. Meantime, the southern low pressure system goes north with it. So there is much warm humid air flow and it's cloudy and foggy, rainstorm is usually recorded sometimes. Between summer and autumn, according to southeast monsoon, the typhoon in southeast coastal region often push north with it, and affect the Dandong region.
It's in spring and autumn that north wind alternates with south wind. In spring, the intensity of cold air begins slowing down and to withdraw north. At the same time, warm air pushes north. It's on the contrary in autumn.
According to those characteristics of synoptic situation above, the climate type in Dandong is temperate one, that four season are clear. The duration of winter is longest and that of summer takes second place, spring and autumn is shortest in duration. Because the Dandong area faces sea with hills behind, there is great difference between south and north area in terms of climate in the Dandong region. The south area belongs to semi£continental and semi£marine climate, while the north area is continental climate. The time that when cold weather alternates with warm weather in the south area and north area in this region is different about half a month.
The Dandong region is abundant in rainfall, which has the most rainfall in northeast of china. The average rainfall for a year is 881.3~1087.5mm. The 2/3 rainfall in a year if found in summer, and rainstorm is possible during from the second ten days of July to the second ten days of August.
The average temperature for a year, is ranging from 6.8~8.7¡æ, there is about 2¡æ difference from south and north. Though winter is long, about 50~60 days (form the second ten days of December to the second ten days of February next year) in south area and about 70~80 days (form the first ten days of December to the last ten days of February next year) , the severe cold duration (namely the duration that the average temperature for a day is below -10¡æ) is shorter. The lowest air temperature is -38.5¡æ (in the county of Kuandian). Though it's hot in summer, the severe hot duration (that the average air temperature for a day is up to 25¡æ or above) is very short, which is approximately 20 days (from the last ten days of July to the second ten days of August), which is only 10 days around in the county of Kuandian (from the last ten days of July to the first ten days of August). The highest air temperature is 36.7¡æ (in the county of Fengcheng).
In the year of 2004, the total output produced by agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery sector was 8 billion Yuan, 9.1% higher than that of the previous year, among which 3.08 billion Yuan was from agriculture, 520 million Yuan from forestry, 1.8 billion Yuan from animal husbandry, 2.38 billion Yuan from fishery and 220 million was brought by the service sector. In the year of 2004, The total yield of the grains was 811 thousand tons, 5.6% higher than that of the previous year, total output of the meat was130 thousand tons, increased by 10.6%, while the eggs was 65.4 thousand tons, increased by 14.8%, the output of the diary products reached 18.5 thousand tons, increased by 24.1%. The yield of local aquatic products amounted to 356.6 thousand tons, 15.6% higher than that of the previous year. In the year of 2004, 6750 hectares of rural areas were afforested with 36.07million trees. The forest coverage rate of the whole city reached 65.9%.
By the end of 2004, the total power of agricultural machinery in the Dandong was 1 million kilowatt, with 13,074 agricultural tractors, and 2786 agricultural trucks. The amount of fertilizer usage was 198.6 thousand tons, and the increased irrigation land area was 1980 hectares.
Dandong city, named as Andong city before 1965. Back to 6000-7000 years ago, our ancestors first exploited Dandong region into the Neolithic Age, 3500-4000 years ago into the Bronze Age. Dandong is located in the frontier area, it has been military stronghold at previous years. In Xi-Han period (221B.C.-220A.D.), Dandong region was under the jurisdiction of West Anping county. In the early period of Tang Dynasty (618-907), Dandong region was under the jurisdiction of Andong Prefecture, and in Liao Dynasty (916-1125), it was under the jurisdiction of Xuan state, Kai state and Mu state. In Jin Dynasty it was under the jurisdiction of Po-Su state, In Yuan Dynasty it was under the jurisdiction of Po-Sha state, In Ming Dynasty(1368-1644) it was under the jurisdiction of Liaodong state.
In 1618 the Houjin Dynasty toke the frontier stable policy, which they built wicker fence along Aihe bianmen and Fenghuancheng bianmen to prohibit farming, herding, fishing and hunting, mining beyond the fence. The policy brought havoc to the economy and cultural development. After 1689, Qing Dynasty toke the frontier development policy, this region developed gradually. In 1929 the Dandong was belonged to Liaoning Province. In 1931 the Japanese puppet government changed Liaoning Province to Fengtian Province, Andong County subjected to Fengtian Province. The unconditional surrender of Japan on August of 1945 marks the liberation of Andong in the anti-fascist war, the army of the Communist Party of China garrison the Andong City. Setup Andong province and Andong city.
After the setup of the People¡¯s Republic of China In 1949, Andong city was praised as heroical city because of the Korea War. From 1949 to 1956, the socialist transformation was almost finished. From 1957 to 1966, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the all-around socialist construction started. In the year of 1954, the Liaodong province and Liaoxi province combined together as Liaoning province. Andong city belonged to Liaoning Province. In January 1965, with the approval from the State Council, the city changed its name to Dandong. From 1966 to 1976, like anywhere else, Dandong has also suffered from "Cultural Revolution¡¯.
After 1976, Dandong paced into the new period of socialism modernization construction, and has achieved great successes one by one both in socialism material civilization and spiritual civilization. In 1985, Xiuyian, Fengcheng and Kuandian county was changed into Manchu autonomy county , in 1992, the Xiuyian Manchu autonomy county hand over to Anshan City. In July 1993, Donggou county changed its name as Donggang city by the approval from the State Council , and in March 1994, Fengcheng Manchu autonomy county changed it name as Fengcheng city by the State Council. Now, Dandong city governs Zhenxing district, Yuanbao district, Zhen¡¯an district, Donggang city, Fengcheng city and Kuandian Manchu autonomy county. Dandong Border Economic Cooperation Zone, a state-level development zone, was authorized and setup by the State Council on July 7,1992.
Dandong Airport (DDG)
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Now it's time to go traveling! Today we'll take you on a tour of the country's largest border city, Dandong, in northeast China's Liaoning province.
Lying at the southeastern tip of the Liaodong Peninsula in northeast China, Dandong is the only border city in Liaoning province, facing Sinuiju city in North Korea across the Yalu River. As it's located right at the confluence of the Yalu River and the Yellow Sea, the city is subject to continental monsoons and has a mild and pleasant maritime climate with abundant rainfall and sunshine. Due to its geographical location along the border, with the river and the seaside, trade, tourism, light industry and port-related sectors form the mainstay of the local economy.
Dandong boasts a large number of fascinating tourist attractions, indeed 14 are listed as state and provincial level scenic sites. Its magnificent landscape, unique border sights, pleasant climate and convenient transport have combined to make the city a popular tourist destination attracting numerous visitors from home and abroad.
Liu Xiaojun, deputy director of the Dandong Tourism Bureau, speaks of the city's booming tourist industry.
"Over the past few years, we have given priority to the development of the tourism industry to secure the city a permanent position on the tourist map. We've opened a number of specially designed tour routes by tapping the potential of the local tourist resources, including the one-to-six-day cross-border tours to North Korea. Now tourism has become a pillar industry of the local economy. Last year we had 3.5 million travelers, with the income from tourism accounting for some 11 percent of the city's GDP."
As a border city between China and North Korea, Dandong holds a special charm to visitors because of its cross border tours. The Yalu River - the boundary river between the two countries ¨C is Dandong's biggest attraction, and a must see on every visitor's itinerary.
¡¡From its source in the Changbai Mountains in Jilin province, the river runs southwestwards for some 800 kilometers along the border of China and North Korea, finally flowing into the Yellow Sea. It winds its way through 200 kilometers in Dandong and has been designated as a state-level scenic site. Pleasure boat cruises are an ideal way to fully appreciate the beauty of the river and its surroundings.
Along the river banks are scattered many historical sites and relics. One of the most famous and worth visiting is a part of the Great Wall on Tiger Mountain, which overlooks the Yalu River about15 kilometers northeast of downtown Dandong. This part of the Great Wall is of particular interest to historians and visitors because it's the eastern starting point of the dragon-like Great Wall rebuilt centuries ago during the Ming Dynasty. On the mountain top there is a beacon tower, erected to guard against intruding armies. This tower gives a panoramic view across Yalu River and along the Sino-Korean border.
Every day the Yalu river is host to many visitors from across the country. Mr Liang from Heilongjiang province is one of them.
"A trip to Dandong is not complete without a tour of the Yalu River. The scenery here is simply gorgeous! I have taken lots of photos and I'm going to tell all my friends to come here to visit. It's such a thrilling experience."
Well, after a pleasant trip along the Yalu River, we head for Phoenix Mountain, about 50 kilometers northwest of downtown Dandong. Over 800 meters above sea level, it's one of the four best known scenic mountains in Liaoning province.
Perilous peaks, deep valleys and caves, grotesquely-shaped rocks, limpid springs and ancient Taoist temples form the major attractions of the sacred mountain, which has served as a holy Taoist shrine for centuries. Along the mountain paths you can come across a large number of inscribed stone tablets left behind by ancient nobles, literati, and artists. The mountain is also a natural botanic garden for over 800 kinds of rare plants and medicinal herbs.
A hike onto the mountain will be a challenging but valued experience, with the reward of many fantastic views during the climb. Lazybones meanwhile can be brought straight to the top of the General Peak in a cable car, from where they can look down across the scenery.
¡¡The best time to visit the mountain is between April and October. A temple fair is held here every year in the fourth month of the lunar calendar, when visitors can enjoy all kinds of folk art performances and local delicacies. For accommodation you can stay in the Phoenix Villa at the foot of the mountain, and enjoy the unique Manchu cuisine.
Now we come to another famous scenic area in Dandong. Qingshangou, literally meaning green mountain gully, is located in Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County. It's a fairyland with stunningly beautiful mountains, waters and luxuriant primeval vegetation. In 1984, it was listed by UNESCO as one of the world's six unpolluted natural sites.
The place is a wildlife paradise with 2000 varieties of plants and 90 types of animals, birds and fish. It's rich in many mountain products such as haws, chestnuts, walnuts and mushrooms. After feasting your eyes sightseeing, you can also treat your taste buds with a meal of delicious local specialties.
There are several hotels around the area which can suit any budget. But the best choice I think is to stay in the homes of the local villagers, who are mostly from the Manchu and Korean ethnic groups. Not only is this inexpensive, but it also gives you an opportunity to learn about the lifestyle and folk customs of the local residents.
Mrs. Zhang, a tourist from Jilin province, expressed her excitement after visiting almost all the noted attractions in the city.
"These places all look like beautiful water-color paintings. Wherever I go, I'm always so absorbed in their beauty that I'm reluctant to leave."
¡¡Dandong is the nation's most concentrated Manchu ethnic area. Manchus account for 30 percent of the city's total population. The city is also home to some 20 thousand Koreans. So the local cuisine is strongly influenced by Manchu and Korean food. For sea food gourmets, special aquatic dishes from the Yellow Sea, such as prawns, crab and yellow croakers, are widely available in most local restaurants, and are all reasonably priced.
Well, after treating ourselves with a lovely meal of local delicacies, time is up for today's tour of Dandong city in northeast China's Liaoning province. Thanks for coming along.
Transport in Dandong:
In the year of 2004, The commodity turnovers by various transportation means achieved 3.858 billion ton kilometers, increased by 15.4% than the previous year, among which, 1.191 billion ton kilometers were from railway, increased by 14.2%; 1.452 billion ton kilometers from highway, increased by 25.4%; 1.199 billion ton kilometers from water transport, increased by 6.6%; 0.587 million ton kilometers from air transport, increased by 13.3%; 15.435 million ton kilometers from pipeline transport. The passenger turnovers of Dandong reached 1373.791 million person kilometers, The passenger transportation of Dandong reached 27.414 million persons, The goods handling which pass through the Dandong port amounted to 10.737 million tons, increased by 47.7% than the previous year, The mileage of highway open to traffic was 4073 kilometers by end of the year of 2004, among it, the high grade highway was 2528 kilometers.
In the year of 2004, the universities and colleges recruited students of 5993. There were 18,461 students in the universities and colleges, and 5579 graduated students. The technical and secondary school recruited students of 4035, There were 10039 students in the school, and graduated 2227 students. The profession senior high school recruited students of 4156, There were 10056 students in the school, and graduated 3134 students. The common senior high school recruited students of 16,191, There were 41,709 students in the school, and graduated 9,491 students. There were students of 92,927 in junior high school, There are students of 158,920 in elementary school, there were 37,184 enfant in kindergarten. The ratio of enrollment of school age was 99.9%, The ratio of enrollment of junior high school was 99.8%, The ratio of enrollment of common senior school was 78%, The ratio of enter universities and colleges was 89.1%, there were 8808 high school graduated students enter universities and colleges. increased by 17.3% than that of the previous year.
By end of the year 2004, there are 5 professional art performance groups, and performed 213 times, the audience were 190,000 person and times. And there are 8 culture museums and 62 culture stations in the city, and exhibited 163 times in the year of 2004, and organized 663 times cultural activities. And there are 8 public libraries in the city, with the books collections of 1.15 million volumes. And received reader 620,000 person times. The city have 4 sets of radio stations, and produced 2 sets of radio programs by self, the ratio of radio program received population was 96.3%, The city have 1 set of TV station and 18 sets of TV rebroadcast stations, and produced 3 sets of TV programs by self, with the 225,000 users of CATV. the ratio of TV program received population was 96.9%.