China Baoding City:
Baoding Resident People:
Baoding has 600,000 in the urban area and 1.500.000 in the administrative area.General Information:
Baoding is a city 137 km south of Beijing, it is one of the ten cities under the direct administration of Hebei Province. It covers an area of 40,000 sq. kilometers, with a population of 11 million. One third of its territory lies in the Taihang Mountains in the west, one third lies in the eastern plain area, the other third in the hilly land in between.
Baoding is a port on the Fu River and an agricultural distribution center, with food-processing and variety of other light industries.Geography:
It has a total area of 22,000 square kilometers, with the capital Beijing on the north, Tianjin on the east, Shijiazhuang on the south and Shanxi on the west. It has a total population of more than 10 million and is the most populated area in Hebei Province. Baoding lies in the central part of Hebei Province. It is characterized by the loftiness and majesty of the towering Taihang Mountains and the boundless and level North China Plain.
The area inside is north temperate zone the continental climate. The winter is cold and dry, the summer here is hot and humid ,the spring and autumnal is sandy and windy.Nature:
Among all the natural resources, there are lots of green mountains in the western part with the Great Wall running through them. There are the summer resort, Laiyuan, where the average temperature in summer is 21¡ã and the national scenic spot, Ye-sanpo, which is full of wild interest and brimming with an exotic atmosphere. There is a vast expanse of fertile land on the plain in the east. Baiyang-dian, "the North China Pearl" is bright-colored and sparkling. Besides, there are Anguo, "the Capital of Herbs" and Fuping Tianqiao Waterfalls, the largest waterfall group in North China.Restaurant:
There are restaurants of various levels spreading all over Baoding.Baoding Economy:
As a microcosm of China itself, Baoding blends industry and agriculture into a dynamic economy. There are over 630 industrial enterprises mainly involved with metallurgy, machinery, chemistry and forestry.
These industries produce steel, transformers, paper and world-renowned hand-sculptured carpets. Baoding agricultural products include wheat, rice, peanuts, pears and apples. They are most famous for their strawberries and the Manchen Snow Peach.
Baoding is a very exciting city for investors, it has loads of very good projects to offer.History:
Baoding is the hometown of Emperor Yao. As early as six or seven thousand years ago, the Chinese ancestors lived and multiplied on this land. Among all the 25 counties and municipalities, Yixian County was the capital of the State of Yan, which was one of the seven powerful states of the Warring States Period. Dingzhou was the capital of the State of Gujun.
Baoding was first built in the Song Dynasty and the name "Baoding" was given after the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty made Dadu (Beijing) its capital, because it was very close to Dadu, its meaning is "to protect Dadu and the world" Up to now, Baoding is still called "the South Gate of the Capital"
It was destroyed by the Mongolian Army early in the 13th century and rebuilt later that same century under the Yuan Dynasty. It served as an important cultural center through the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
During the early 1940's it served as a headquarters for the Japanese occupational armies.
Anguo was the fief of Wang Ling in the reign of the Han Emperor Liu Bang. Besides, Zhuozhou, Mancheng and so on have a history of over 1,000 years. Its geographical position of being on the south of the State of Yan and the north of the State of Zhao and in the vicinity of the royal capital made it a place contested by strategists in every dynasty.Arrive:
With the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway and Beijing-Shenzhen Expressway which run south and north as the link, the crisscross network of roads on the plain and the mountainous roads reaching out in all directions, a transportation pattern is formed. Tianjin-Baoding Expressway and Beijing-Shenzhen Expressway meet here.Baoding Tourism:
The varied terrain and its topographic features, together with its long history and splendid culture, will enable you to both enjoy the beautiful natural mountain scenery and appreciate the precious historical human landscape. Transport in Baoding:
Buses, mini-buses, taxies and tricycles are everywhere in the city. In addition, public services are arranged rationally.Shopping:
The local products in Baoding will also bring you a sudden surprise. The ballad "Baoding has three treasures, namely, iron ball, sauce made of fermented flour and potherb mustard" has been passed on from generation to generation for over 300 years.
Yuhua Road and West Pedestrian Street are both commercial streets. To the west of the Railway, there are the Shidai Commercial Building, Big World Commercial City, Dong Feng Shopping Plaza, Wanjiafu Supermarket and Wumei Supermarket, Xianfeng Street agricultural trade market and so on.Baoding Culture:
Baoding is a "student city" with seven colleges and universities, 31 technical schools and an Olympic Gymnastic Training Facility. A medical college and an agricultural institute are in the city.Baoding Attractive points:
Mancheng Han Tombs
Mancheng Han Dynasty Tombs are located at half way up the hill 1.5 km west of Mancheng County, 25 km west of Baoding.
This tomb complex is composed of the tomb of Liu Sheng and his wife Douwan, 120meters apart. Liu Sheng was the first emperor of Zhongshan State, Western Han Dynasty. (During the Han Dynasty, the whole empire was managed in the system of enfeoffment. Each nobles had his own piece of land to administer. Liu Sheng was one of the sons of Emperor Jing of the central government, he was appointed as the first emperor of Zhongshan State (What is now Baoding.) in 154BC, and died in 113BC, he stayed on the throne for 42 years. So the construction of the tomb lasted 42 years.
As a tradition of that time, the husband and wife were buried separately in the same burial place. And also it was a good choice to have the tomb built half way up the hill. The laborers spent over 40 years digging the tomb caves and polishing them with the most primitive working equipments and methods. Liu Sheng's Tomb is 51.7 meters long, 37.5 meters wide, and 6.8 meters tall, with a total volume of 2700 cubic meters. The tomb is made of the passageway, the southern and northern side tunnel, the middle hall and the back hall. It is in the back hall that the coffin was rested.
Douwan's Tomb is 39.7 meters long, but with a longer side tunnel, and the total volume is over 3000 cubic meters.
There are over 10,000 articles excavated from these two tombs in total. Many of them are among the top category of the unearthed artifacts, like the Changxin Palatial Lantern, the Jade Clothes sewn with gold thread.
Wangdu Han Tomb
Baoding, in the past, was a comparatively prosperous region. Wangdu Eastern Han Tomb is located 37 km south of Baoding, in Wangdu County.
This tomb belongs to Sun Cheng(?-132AD), a marquis of the Eastern Han Dynasty(25AD-220AD).
This tomb was built along a north-to-south axle, with a remained earth mound of eleven meters high. The tomb is 46.7 meters long , 32,7 meters wide. From the very southern end are the passageway, the tomb gate, the front hall, east and west storerooms, the middle hall, the west and east side-halls, the back hall (the coffin hall), a niche in the northern wall.
The most magnificent discovery in this tomb is the fresco in the front hall. The fresco was painted on the four walls and the arches of the doors in black, yellow and red colors. 43 centimeters above the ground is a yellow line, below this yellow line, animals and birds were drawn. And above this line, was the painting of different people. Beside each person, words were written, telling his occupation.
Because this tomb had been robbed in history, not many things were left, except a few potteries, stonewares, and lacquerwares.
Yan State Capital Relics
During the Warring State Period (475BC-221BC),China was composed by seven major states. They were Qi, Chu, Yan, Han, Zha, Wei, and Qin. Among them, Yan state was located at what is now northern Hebei Province and Beijing. The Yan State had its capital built in Beijing, Called Ji at that time, and its sub-capital in Yixian County, between the northern Yi Shui River and the southern Yi Shui River.
The Yan Capital was built in a rectangular city wall, 8 kms from west to east, and 4 kms from north to south. 3 city wall gates have been excavated.
The whole city was divided into the eastern part and the western part by a city moat. The eastern part served mainly as the palatial area, residential area and the handicraft industry area. The western part was built much later, served mainly as a sub-city for the safety of the eastern one.
What are still remained on the ground are:
The western city wall, 4-6 meters high, 1500 meters long.
The south-western corner of the city wall, 10 meters tall, 15 meters long.
Over 13 different foundation of the ancient palace, 11 meters tall, some of them 10,000 sq. meters large.
23 ancient tombs belonging to the royal family.
And a large number of articles that were excavated from the relics, including weapons, coins, ironware and potteries.
A tiny exhibition hall is available for visitors
Kaiyuan Temple Pagoda
Kaiyuan Temple Pagoda (also called Dingzhou Pagoda by the locals) is located in Dingzhou County, 80 km south of Baoding.
This pagoda was started to be built in 1001, and finished in 1055, in Song Dynasty. It has 13 stories, 84.2 meters high. It is the highest existing pagoda made of bricks and wood In China.
The pagoda takes an octagonal shape, with an inner pagoda inside almost the same size, a spinning corridor lay between.
Quyang Porcelain Kiln Relic
In Song Dynasty(960-1127), there were five major state-managed porcelain kilns in China, producing magnificent chinaware for the royal family and the nobles. Quyang porcelain was one of them. Because Quyang County was then under the administration of Dingzhou County, thus it was called Ding Porcelain Kiln.
Ding Porcelain Kiln is located 120 km southwest of Baoding. 13 large piles of broken chinaware are scattered in 2 sq. km area, each of them is around 15 meters high.
The main products were: bowel, dish, basin, jar, bottle, oven, and toys. The Ding Porcelain took an important part in China porcelain history.
The Three-kingdom period(220-280) took an much important role in Chinese history. The emperor of Shu, Liu Bei, was born in Zhuozhou (used to be called Fanyang), 80 km north of Baoding. Zhang Fei, Liu Bei's main follower, was also born in Zhuozhou.
What is still left for tourists are: The Three Brothers' Temple (Liu, Guan, Zhang), Zhang Fei's hometown, Zhang Fei's ancient well, Zhang Fei's Temple, and the movie studio where the TV drama Three Kingdom was shot.
The Northern Mount Temple is located in Quyang County, 110 km southwest of Baoding.
In China, there are five famous mountains, they are Northern Mount-Heng, Southern Mount-Heng, Eastern Mount-Tai, Western Mount-Hua, Middle Mount-Song.
Until 1660, the Northern Mount was in Quyang, and the temple for the Northern Mount God was built here. (After 1660, the Qing Dynasty emperor renamed another mountain as the Northern Mount.)
The most outstanding remain is the fresco on both the western and eastern walls in the main hall, 6.5 meters high, 17.7 meters long. In the northern wall, a larger piece of fresco was painted.
Anguo, once called Qizhou in ancient times, is located 190 km south of Beijing. Since Han Dynasty(206BC-24AD),Anguo has become the largest marketing center of Chinese herbs in Northern China.
Anguo is also an important herb planting and processing base in China. Every family here grows herbs and almost everyone is involved with the herbal industry.
There is a long tradition of cooking with herbs in Anguo. The famous Anguo herbal food makes more and more people comprehend that the best way to take care of yourself is to go to the herbal food table than to the doctor.
Places for visitors are: the herbs market, plantation farm, processing unit, the temple for the king of herbs.