China Dongying City:
Dongying has a total area of 8,053 km2 and a total population of 1.62 million.
Dongying is the place where the Yellow River enters the sea, the seat of the second largest oil filed in our country-Shengli oil field, and also the central city on the Yellow River Delta.
New Century Square of Dongying City was began to be constructed in March, 1998, and was completed at 28, September ,1998. New Century Square covers a total area of 170,000 square meters, including one center square and four buildings, which are Municipal People's Government Working Building, Municipal Procurator, Municipal Court, and New Century Gate.
Dongying is situated on the Yellow River Delta, northeast of Shandong Province.
The Yellow River Delta's climate characteristics: with warm temperate zone monsoon climate, enjoying four distinct seasons, sufficient sunshine, simultaneous rain and heat. The annual average statistic figures are as follows: average annual precipitation 560 mm; annual average temperature 12.3-12.8¡ãC; frost-free period 212days
The Yellow River Delta, where Dongying City is situated, is one of the large river deltas abounding in natural resources in the world. Among is abundant natural resources, oil and natural gas are most remarkable. Under the Yellow River Delta is a natural colossal depot for oil and gas. In the verified oil-gas bearing area, at an area of over 1,600 square meters, the geological reserves of oil and natural gas can hit 4 billion tons and 34 billion cubic meters respectively. Ever since the Shengli Oilfield started the large-scale development of oil and gas, more than 60 different types of oil-gas wells have been exploited here, which yield 720 million tons of crude oil in total, accounting for roughly one-fifth of China's total output. Shengli Oilfield hence becomes China's second largest oilfield famous at home and abroad. Exploitation of oil and gas, among others, becomes the pillar industry for Dongying's economy.
Save for the oil and gas resource, under the ground of Dognying tremendous bittern resource is reserved. The potential of annual production of 6 million tons of crude salt is great promise for the place to develop the salt and salt-chemical industry. Above the ground of Dongying, there is abundant land resource. Up to now, on the total 800,000 hetares of land throughout the city, there are roughly 350,000 hectares of wasteland. In addition to the new land created by the river silt every year, Dongying has becomes a region with most land resource and largest potential for development of green industry in the eastern coastal area of China. The coastline at Dognying stretches some 350 kilometers and shallow seawaters of 4,800 square kilometers can be used for economic development. The fisheries of the Bohai Bay and Laizhou Bay abound in marine resources of fishes, shrimps, crabs and shellfishes. The Yellow River estuary has been reputed as "home of fishes" and "Eastern home of prawns".
Dongying City implements a strategy of "strengthening the city through industry". Apart from the petroleum industry, petrochemical, salt, salt-chemical, papermaking, machinery and electrical equipment, textiles, building materials, food-processing industries have also gained speedy expansion. A number of powerful enterprise groups have emerged and a wide range of hard-currency earning products have been produced.
There has been settlement in the Dongying area since at least the 6th century BC, when it was the birthplace of Chinese general Sun Tzu, author of The Art of War. Dongying was incorporated as a city in 1983.
1. Dongying-Beijing: 50 minutes by air, 5.5 hours' drive by highway, 4 hours' drive by expressway.
2. Dongying-Jinan (the capital of Shandong Province) International Airport: 1.5 hours' drive.
3. Dongying-Qingdao International Airport: 2.5 hours' drive.
4. There are direct trains from Dongying to Nanjing ( the capital of Jiangsu Province), Zibo and Jinan, which joins to the national railway network.
5. Dongying harbor is state-level class-one open port. So far, there are 2 docks with handling capacity of 5,000 tons each and 3 others with handling capacity of 3000 tons each. Docks with handling capacity over 10,000 tons are now under construction.
6. The whole road mileage of Dongying City is about 4,790 kilometres, 304 kilometres of them is expressway. The density of the road is 60 kilometres per hundred square metre.
The city is rich in unique tourism resources. Its north part is the simple and unsophisticated, strange and interesting natural scenery represented by the Yellow River mouth, including wetland, grassland and beach etc. Its center is big oil industrial district and modern grouping city. Its south is historical human scenery and modern agricultural scenery represented by the Old Qi culture. From south to north, in just 100 km long distance, one will return from flourishing cities to nature and from the old land of Qi kingdom to the youngest land in the country.
The busy tourism season of Dongying is from April to October; Off-seasons are January to March and November to December. The prime season of traveling in Dongying is from April to November.
Transport in Dongying:
The best means of transportation is taxi.
The shopping center is located on Shanghe Road in the west of the city, a convenient street to reach.
Specialties include: Delicious donkey meat; Yellow River rice; Yellow River Hairtail.
According to the statistics of the year 2001, there are 1223 schools of all kinds in Dongying.
Dongying Attractive points:
Tombs of Eight Han Doctors
Tombs of Eight Han Doctors are located to the southwest of Guangrao town, six to the east of Zhongtou village and two to the north of Xiaozhang village. It is said that eight generations of Han Dynasty from Ouyang sheng to Ouyang she had transmitted and consummated Shang Shu. The places they were buried were named Tombs of Eight Han Doctors.
Ouyang sheng, one of the eight doctors, also named Bohe, was born in Qiancheng county (now called Guangrao). He continued the work of Fusheng, the initiator of Shang Shu, and devoted all his life to studying the syntax and the art of the works. He was appraised doctor for his familiarity in Shang Shu. The famous disciple of Ouyang sheng is his townee,Ni kuan who was well known for being familiar with Shang Shu. He imparted Shang Shu to the son of Ouyang sheng who then imparted it to the son of his own, the rest can be deduced by analogy, and Ouyang she is the eighth generation. It came through more than 10 emperors of Front- and Fore-han Dynasties and lasted for nearly 200 years.As a result, Shang Shu was predominant for a lasting time and was esteemed the great master or the ancestor of books. So many scholars were attracted here to look with reverence, and many descendants of Ouyang thousands of miles away came here to seek their ancestor.
Tombs of Eight Han Doctors is ranked intensively-protected unit at province level after the state was established.
Great Palace of Southern Song Dynasty
At the northwest corner of Guangrao town, there is an old Chinese traditional style building made of brick and timber .This is just the Great Palace of Southern Song Dynasty which has been embodied in the book, ¡±China Showplace¡±. With a height of 10.39 meters, framed mainly with six oak poles, four pestle eaves, three center columns and a vault with five refined layers. This style is similar to those buildings of Southern Song Dynasty. It is the only earliest timberwork building in Shandong province, and it provides the rarity practicality information about timberwork buildings in the Tang and Song Dynasties . It is sapiential rime of Chinese labors.
The Big Bell
The Big Bell is treasured up in the Cultural center of Kenli County with a height of 1.88 meters and a diameter of 1.19 meters. It weights about 1500 kg and the average thickness of the wall is 7 cm. There are two crossed dragons on the top of the bell . The shoulder is decorated with shellfish leaf lines The border of the bell is curled octagon with pictures of Eight Diagrams on it. The bell was obtained in Shikou Commune (now Shikou village) which was verified by archeologists that it was exactly cast in Jin Dynasty between 1132 A.D. and 1156 A.D.. It is about 800 years old. The bell is the combination of Buddha and Taoism, which is rare even in Shandong province and is precious cultural relic for it is useful to study the evolution of Shikou in geography, political economy and civilization fields. There maybe two reasons to cast the bell, one is for giving the correct time at the morning and dusk to people, the other is for lauding Buddha.
Site of Iron-door Barrier is in Qianguan village, Lijin County, with the meridional and transmeridional width are 42 and 30 meter respectively and the area is 1260 sq.m.. It is a historical important gateway in Shandong province and is famous inside and outside province in its flourishing times. ¡°Thesaurus of Chinese Placenames¡± notes that the Iron-door Barrier is situated to the north of Lijin town, Shandong province. It was first founded in Jin Dynasty, for at that time it is close to Bo Sea and is the seaport where Daqing River gathered to sea. In order to control the seashore, governors of Jin built a solid rampart and installed an iron door, and also quartered armies. Annals of Lijin Town recorded: In the past, Ji Water flew into sea, with a section going through Lijin town named Daqing River where traders formed a continuous stream. Some came from Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong provinces and so on, the others came from Japan, Korea and some European countries. The cargo they carried including cloth, silk and damask, grocery, tea and sheet etc. are called Foreign Goods for most of them were fetched from overseas or around Guangdong. Yongbu and Fengguo were two well-known salt fields in Shandong province and the salt produced there was shipped out through
Hotspring Sanatorium of Gudao Town is located to the north of the embouchure of Yellow River and at the open side of Immortal Channel with an area of 170 thousands sq.m. and the area of varied architecture in it totaled more than 10 thousands sq.m.. It is composed of recuperation zone and living zone. With elegant environment and perfect medical treatment facilities, the sanatorium is famous for the hotspring of high medical value. In May of 1972, a drilling team of Gudao's oil extraction factory was drilling here, days after nights, they were close to the scheduled depth. It was disappointed that there was no oil layer, while it was excited to find that hot fountain surged out along the drilling pole. The temperature of the fountain was 86 centigrade and the yield was up to 360 steres. The assay results indicated that the fountain was highly mineralized by sodium chloride-contained mineral water. It took the labor union of Shengli Oilfield 3 years to establish this sanatorium since July of 1973. It was put into use since June, 1976. Since then Yellow River Delta had its own sanatorium. It is determined that the mineralization degree of Gudao fountain is about 15.45 g/L, the water quality tallies with the national standard of silicon- and bromine-contained namma and closes to the national standard of iodin-, vitriol- and niton-contained namma. So the water have medical value and it has outstanding curative effect on high blood pressure, neuralgia, rheumatism, dermatosis and matron coldness diseases.
To the north of Liaocheng Road, there is an unknown courtyard in Western City .That is Geology Exhibition of The Research Institution of Shengli Oilfield named Terra-palace by local people. By listening to the attractive explanation and looking at the lifelike models, typical photographs and visual practicalities, people who visit here feel back to thousands of years ago and have a general view of the transformation of the period. People have the chance to go up rapidly to overlook the imposing Shengli Oilfield, meanwhile, people can dig into the deep earth to peek the eerie mansion. Travelling here, people get over the limits of time and space, wandering from past to nowadays. It is a special engaging sight on the delta of Yellow River. Terra-palace was first established in 1965, with the area of 3000 square meters, which includes an exploration chamber, a colligation chamber and a rock-show chamber that have three rooms. The process of geology proving for nearly 30 years is introduced in the exploration chamber where there are nearly 20 illustrations of several kinds, among which a huge graph with the length of 14 meters and the height of 3 meters occupying the whole north wall strikes the eyes extremely. The broad east of the North of China Plain was a lake in quite long ancient times, with the area of almost 26000 sq.km., which is called Jiyang Depression by geologists. It is divided by several heaves and forms 4 sub-depressions: Dongying, Zhezheng, Zhanhua and Huimin. Since the crude oil layer is very thick and the types of the lithosphere are various, the depression is a resourceful oil and gas compound congregating region. The oiliness conformation is complex and scattered like a plate falling on the ground and then being kicked to pieces. Just under this condition, Shengli people searched out the pieces of plate and established the world famous second greatest oil field of china, whose hardship and aggressiveness is recorded by the staring red signs in the graph such as Shengtuo, Binnan, Xianhezhuang and Gudong oilfields. Seeing the glittering red signs, visitors can't help showing respects to the people who searched petroleum for the country. The graph now seems open-and-shut, while it is extremely hard to have a thorough recognition and describe this graph. The red signs are achieved at expends of the painstaking effort of numerous petroleum geologists and 400,000 petroleum workers. At the rock-show chamber, the litho cores about 700 meters long of various typical regions and different layers are exhibited. As for ordinary person, the calmly lain segments of lithocore seem all the same and no surprise, but for geologists, they are priceless sealed books. Among them, the transformation of the earth can be read. There is remote antiquity lithocore that can be traced back to 1~0.6 billion years ago when life materials were at the original phase changing from single-cell to multi-cell. There is ancient lithocore formed 0.4 billion years ago when many kinds of elasmobranches and teleostean creatures lived in water. It is fern that firstly dressed up mountain and hungriness with greencoat. There is also Mesozoic lithocore formed 1 billion years ago when plant such as cycad and gingko exuberated and dinosaur of all kinds prevailed here and there. Apart from these, visitors would find everything new and fresh for there are still other introduces such as gritstone, ash-rock, oil-formed rock, store-rock and 10 oil-contained rock layers of Jiyang depression. Among these non-word sealed books, there is an eminent masterpiece: the longest lithocore (102.32 meters) of the world that was taken out by 32104 artesian well team in 1965. The Shengli people's adamant volition of challenging to the scientific pinnacle is convinced well. In the colligation chamber, the basic knowledge about petroleum and the exploitation and construction of Shengli Oilfield is presented. Through looking at thousands of charts, models and practicalities and listening to the explanation, spectators are able to know that petroleum was formed by incalculable relic of aquatic such as shell-shaped insect, stonewort, snail and fish having evolved for billions of years under certain geologic conditions. Also what can be known are the specific processes of earthquake detection, drilling, core-taking, well-fixation, oil-testing and exploitation, and that the diversity of petroleum and natural gas products which are now widely used in all fields is nearly 5000. The most splendid thing is the Shengli Oilfield construction model with the length of 6 meters and the breadth of 4 meters. Visitors can overlook the panorama of the oilfield for it is recurred on a plane. Accompanied by the explanation, oilfields on the model turn up one after another like stars in the sky, pipelines interlace like colorful chains, trains shuttle back and forth, towns and villages are decorated in the green plain, Mapping by Yellow River and big ocean, scenery is very spectacular.
The famous Town of Dawang
Dawang town in Dongying is the well-known modern model town. Its people are unadorned and humorous who work hard and in the same time know how to be flexible for development. The town now is as beautiful as a garden, and its economy increases continuously also. The modern agricultural-seeing is very famous. The Macabi pimiento of red, purple, yellow and green colors are big and pure; golden yellow pumpkins are just like small water mellow, crisp and tasty; cucumbers grow with no spinacene which feel smooth; the succus of Israel potato will not bleed out even if torn apart¡and what is more important is that they are all green vegetables without pollution. There are also tulips, sowbread, rhododendron, cineraria, calceolaria and winter date¡ which have been nursed by high tech. And there are even Lige crabapple and balsamine that are rare in our county. Of course, there will be more surprise and pleasure brought to the urban people by Dawang, the so called Pearl on the Yellow River Delta. You will find more with your own eyes if you go there to have a look!
Yellow Dragon entering the sea
Originating in snow and ice of high mountains, the Yellow River jumps into the boundless sea roaring and winding after going through a long distance and over thousands of falls, which forms heartquake remarkable scenery.
Seen from above, the scenery is earth shocking when the river meets with sea waves. The two great currents conflict and tear at each other just like the fighting of thousands of armies.
The river pushed by the sand bar and tide jumps and rushes onto the sky and then beat the sea shore. If the tourist to the Yellow River delta has the opportunity to go into the sea by hovercraft, he will feel the magnificence of the yellow dragon entering the sea, which is full of romantic and mystic coloration. Liu Yuxi, a Tang poet writes that: the winding yellow river with thousands of sand track comes from the skyline roaring and waving. Now it goes direct up to the Galaxy to the herdsman and Weave girl's home. Yet the home chose by the Yellow River is not remote heaven, but the Yellow River Delta with rich land and beautiful water.
Snowing Reed Flowers
The reed on the newly silted land of the river mouth is grown by itself. They grow along the old course of the river, one block by another, and one connecting to another, winding hundreds of li endlessly, which has formed great natural scenery. The time when the cooling autumn wind starts blowing is the ripening season for the most beautiful and attractive reed. The reed growing in lakes, rivers and blocks with whitening leaves and ripening ears looks slim and graceful, and some are even as high as several meters and as thick as thumbs. The whole reed marsh is just like the army waiting for inspection, clean and tidy. When the reed ear turns from purple to white, it goes into full bloom, white and puffy. Once there is wind, the flowers flow all around, covering the earth and sky, which is the pleasant ¡°snowing reed flower¡±. This will continue to the next spring, when they dance together with the real snow, and make people confounded and shocked by them with all the flakes winding in the sky.