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Wuhu Travel China, Wuhu Tour Guide

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China Wuhu City:

General Information:
Wuhu ("Weedy Lake") at the juncture of the Changjiang and Qingyi rivers is an ancient City with a history of more than 2,000 years. It served as a commodity distribution center in the mountainous areas of southern Anhui, the Chaohu Lake areas, and the Changjiang River regions.

Wuhu is located on the south bank of the Yangzi River, 160 km upstream from Nanjing.

Wuhu Economy:
Major industries only began to be developed in Wuhu after World War II, with the development of the textile industry, paper mills, and a large automobile factory. Despite this, Wuhu has lagged behind Ma'anshan and Tongling in industrial production, and remains primarily a commercial and collecting center for trade in rice, silk, cotton, tea, wheat and eggs.

Known since 770 BC, Wuhu became a strategically important town during the Three Kingdoms period (220 BC-65 AD), when it was controlled by the Wu Kingdom. At this time it was known as Qiuzu (Chiu-tzu).
Under the Ming dynasty, from the 15th century onward, Wuhu developed into a major commercial center and river port, and since that time has been known as a center of the rice trade.
From 1876, Wuhu was a treaty port, which allowed foreign traders to reside there. A huge, American-built Catholic church dates from this time. Trade in rice, wood, and tea flourished at Wuhu until the Warlord Era of the 1920s and 1930s, when bandits were active in the area.
During the Japanese occupation in the late 30's and early 40's, Chinese resistance fighters hid in the lakes around Wuhu, by submerging themselves and breathing through reeds.

It is an important port and the junction of the Nanjing-Wuhu, Wuhu-Tongling, and Bengbu-Yuxikou railways.

Wuhu Tourism:
Wuhu is a beautiful city, and has many places of interest, such as Mt. Zheshan, Jinghu Park, and Wanbian Pavilion.

A factory in Wuhu carries on the local craft of making wrought-iron pictures. Other local handicrafts are embossed lacquer and rice straw pith patchwork.

Wuhu and Anqing are noted centers of the Yanjiang cuisine. It specializes in freshwater fish and poultry, and features special techniques of chopping, shaping, and colouring. The flavour of Yanjiang dishes is often enhanced by sweetening and smoking.

Wuhu Culture:
In the Tang dynasty (619-907), the poet Du Fu wrote a famous poem Thoughts on Staying Again at Wuhu.
A famous stone tablet in Wuhu recording local events of the Song dynasty period (ca. 1000 AD) is considered to be a masterpiece of the renowned calligrapher Mi Fu.
An itinerant blacksmith named Tang Tianchi is reputed to have invented the wrought-iron picture in Wuhu, when a painter whom he admired chided him, "You will never make pictures by beating iron."
Another blacksmith of the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC) named Gan Jiang was famous for sword making. Zhe Shan (Reddish Brown Hill) is said to get its colour from the flames of Gan Jiang's furnace. Sheng Shan (Sacred Hill) is the legendary location of his sword grinding rock and tempering pool.

Wuhu Attractive points:
Mt. Qiyun
Mt. Qiyun is located in Ximing County, Huangshan City. It is a national scenic spot, charming with its rolling hills and beautiful landscape. Mt. Qiyun is famous for its Dandie landformation with hundreds of scenic spots of grotesque rockeries and secluded caves. It is one of the four famous mountains held sacred by Taoism in China, known as the Lesser Mt. Wading in south China.
Over the past dynasties, men of letters came to visit and left behind thousands of poems and inscriptions to say praises to the beauty of the mountain. The scenic areas in Mt. Qiyun consist of the Jiuhua Street, the Youngng Cave, and the Tower over Tower. Today, a cable way is opened to offer great convenience for traveling.
Guangji Temple
Standing on the southwest foot of Zheshan Hill in the city, Guangji Temple was built during the reign of the Emperor Qian Ning (894-897) of the Tang Dynasty. At that time, pilgrims on their way to Mount Jiuhua stopped here to pay their tribute first, so the hill became known as Little Mount Jiuhua. The buildings were erected against the slope in three tiers. The Zheta Pagoda at the rear of the temple is claimed to be one of the eight most beautiful sights in Wuhu. It is aid that a priceless gold seal is stored somewhere inside the temple.
Sacred Hill (Shengshan)
This hill in the city is said to be where Gan Jiang, a famous blacksmith of the Chu State of the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 B.C.), made swords. His tomb is on the hill, as are Sword Grinding Rock (Dijianshi) and Sword Hardening Pool (Cuijianchi).
Reddish Brown Hill (Zheshan)
A folktale has it that the fire in Gan Jiang's furnace gave this hill the reddish color for which it was named. From Pavilion for a Panoramic View (Yilanting) at the top of the hill, visitors can see the city below and watch the junks on the bustling river and the flocks of birds flying over the water.
Roman Catholic Cathedral
The spectacular Roman Catholic Cathedral in Wuhu was built a hundred years ago at the height of the Jesuit influence by a French priest-architect. Just as it was finished, a Chinese mob burnt it down. The French Consul General in Shanghai protested so vigorously that the Qing Government paid the diocese 120,000 taels of silver as compensation; the money was used immediately to rebuild the church.
Taiping Lake
The Taiping (Peace) Lake is located at the southern foot of Mt. Huangshan and to the southeast of Mt. Jiuhua, with an area of some 88 square kilometers, and the water of 40 meters deep. It is the largest man-made lake in Anhui Province. There are more than 10 islets of various shapes in the lake. Tea trees and simple-styled residences laid with bricks and with painted walls are reflected in the mirror-like lake, which is dotted by sails of fishing boats and bamboo rafts.
The lake is home to many wild animals, such as river deer, deer, and rabbits. Recently, tourist attractions including a Deer Island, a Monkey Island, an Egret Oasis, and ponds for snakes and crocodiles have been established in the lake. The lake is 40 kilometers from the cable way at the northern entrance to Mt. Huangshan and 90 kilometers from Mt. Jiuhua. In December 1996, the Taiping Lake Bridge opened to traffic. thus offering more convenience for traveling.
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